PMP, สอบ PMP, knowledger, knowledgertraining


1.       An amount of the project budget withheld for management control purposes. These are budgets reserved for unforeseen work that is within scope of the project. The management reserve is not included in the performance measurement baseline (PMB).

2.       A relationship that is contractually required or inherent in the nature of the work.

3.       A project document including the identification, assessment, and classification of project stakeholders.

4.       Handling, controlling, and guiding a conflictual situation to achieve a resolution.


1.       The approved version of the time-phased project budget, excluding any management reserves, which can be changed only through formal change control procedures and is used as a basis for comparison to actual results.

2.       An information gathering technique used as a way to reach a consensus of experts on a subject. Experts on the subject participate in this technique anonymously. A facilitator uses a questionnaire to solicit ideas about the important project points related to the subject. The responses are summarized and are then recalculated to the experts for further comment. Consensus may be reached in a few rounds of this process. The Delphi technique helps reduce bias in the data and keeps any one person from having undue influence on the outcome.

3.       The iterative process of increasing the level of detail in a project management plan as greater amounts of information and more accurate estimates become available.

4.       The meetings with prospective sellers prior to the preparation of a bid or proposal to ensure all prospective vendors have a clear and common understanding of the procurement. Also known as contractor conferences, vendor conferences, or pre-bid conferences.


PMP, Knowledger, Project management training, สอบ pmp


1.                   Management Reserve

2.                   Mandatory Dependency

3.                   Stakeholder Register

4.                   Conflict Management


1.                   Cost Baseline

2.                   Delphi Technique

3.                   Progressive Elaboration

4.                   Bidder Conference